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Update: C-Xrays, the Sun, and Dead Birds

January 20, 2011

See that little round thing in the middle of all the blue? That’s the Earth. The blue is the magnetosphere that protects the Earth from the Sun. I saw this over at Project Avalon and it really illustrates how vulnerable we are on planet Earth. Entering into the beginning of the Solar 24 Max period, we are likely to see more Solar flares, solar winds and ramped up solar EMF activity over the new few years.


We are still sticking to our theory that Solar activity in early January 2011 possibly caused the recent mass die off of birds and fish. With information at hand that our Earth’s magnetosphere has a hole in it, Solar Winds can drive solar electromagnetic energy closer to the Earth. The Solar EMF could influence the navigation of the birds and fish and/or contain too much radiation for them to survive. ‘C’ class x-rays were reported on January 3, 2011.

Here is some more information on C-Xrays, or Solar ‘C’ class x-rays.

BTW: To see today’s report, go to
http://dx.qsl.net/propagation/

From Space Weather:
Scientists classify solar flares according to their x-ray brightness in the wavelength range 1 to 8 Angstroms. There are 3 categories: X-class flares are big; they are major events that can trigger planet-wide radio blackouts and long-lasting radiation storms. M-class flares are medium-sized; they can cause brief radio blackouts that affect Earth’s polar regions. Minor radiation storms sometimes follow an M-class flare. Compared to X- and M-class events, C-class flares are small with few noticeable consequences here on Earth.

From NASA Space Weather Action Center:
X-rays are continually emitted from the Sun. Detecting significant increases in the intensity of those x-rays can provide an early warning of a solar storm. Two GOES satellites record solar x-ray emission, GOES 10 and GOES 12. However, GOES 12 x-ray data is a good indicator that a solar storm is likely coming toward Earth and should be used to verify the student data from the Radio JOVE. When observing the data from the GOES 5 Min X-ray Plot, the red plot from GOES 12 is the one we want use.

Scientists have developed a simple rating system for this solar x-ray activity. They have created five levels; A, B, C, M, and X.

* A is the lowest level,
* B is 10 times more powerful than A,
* C is 10 times more powerful than B,
* M is 10 times more powerful than C,
* X is 10 times stronger than M.

So this makes an X event 10,000 times stronger than A. In addition, each level can be further divided from 1.0 to 9.9. This means you could have a C2.3 event, or a B7.9 or an M6.5 . Even though X is the highest level, the numbers don’t stop at X9.9. On October 28, 2003 there was an X17.2 flare followed several days later by an approximately X28 flare (actually it was so strong it was hard to measure).These were the biggest flares ever measured. Remember is usually takes 3 days for the solar storm to reach Earth. However, the storm in 2003 took only 19 hours!

Using the solar x-ray activity scale (A,B,C,M, and X) along the right side of the graph, you can not only determine the power of the solar storm but also the potential for Auroral sightings!

* Levels A and B indicate that Aurora sightings are only possible in higher latitudes.
* Level C indicates that Aurora sightings are possible further south.
* Levels M and X indicate that Aurora sightings are possible as far south as Texas!

Other related news:

AMPERE — short for Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment

LAUREL, Md (August 18, 2010) /PRNewswire/ — The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), with help from The Boeing Company [NYSE: BA] and Iridium Communications Inc. [Nasdaq: IRDM], has successfully implemented a new space-based system to monitor Earth’s space environment. Known as the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE), the system provides real-time magnetic field measurements using commercial satellites as part of a new observation network to forecast weather in space. This is the first step in developing a system that enables 24-hour tracking of Earth’s response to supersonic blasts of plasma ejected from the sun at collection rates fast enough to one day enable forecasters to predict space weather effects.

“This milestone brings us one step closer to accurate space weather forecasts around the Earth,” said APL’s Dr. Brian J. Anderson, principal investigator and the scientist who spearheads the program. “Solar storms can disrupt satellite service and damage telecommunications networks, cause power grid blackouts and even endanger high-altitude aircraft. The next wave of solar storms will occur over the next three to five years and recent solar activity is just the beginning of a long, stormy space weather ‘season.’ The timing for AMPERE is just right because we need this system both to help us understand how solar storms disturb the space environment and to develop reliable monitoring and forecasts of major space weather storms.”

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